Alligator Research

Y002_1 - CopyKiawah Island is home to a healthy population of alligators, numbering close to 700 animals, and in addition to its 1,400 permanent residents also plays host to more than 20,000 visitors per year. People live, work, and recreate in close contact with alligators everyday on Kiawah. Given this situation, interaction between people and alligators is inevitable. The goal of both the Town of Kiawah Island (TOKI) and the Community Association (KICA) is that this interaction be as safe as possible. For this reason, TOKI and KICA have developed a research program to better understand the behavior and movements of Kiawah’s alligators in an effort to increase awareness and safety across the island.
Learn More About the American Alligator

PLEASE REPORT TAGGED ALLIGATOR SIGHTINGS

If you observe a tagged alligator, please report the sighting to Town Biologists.  The simplest way is to use the Town’s online application.  Simply open the map, zoom to the sighting location, click the small alligator icon in the upper right hand corner, and follow the on-screen instructions.  You can also report a sighting by emailing Jim Jordan with details of the sighting (Date, Time, Location, Behavior, Tag Number and Color).

Kiawah Island Alligator Behavior and Safety Research Project

The Kiawah Conservancy, in partnership with TOKI, KICA, the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), and Clemson University began an alligator study in 2015, focusing primarily on alligator health and physiology. The Clemson study continued during 2016-2017 and 39 alligators have been captured to date. This new TOKI/KICA study will take advantage of these capture efforts to obtain additional information on alligators.

All captured alligators are fitted with visible, numbered tags so that they can be easily identified in the field by biologists, residents, and visitors. Two visual tags (blue for males, yellow for females) are placed on each alligator, one behind the head and one on the tail. Capture efforts focus on areas where nuisance alligators are the most prevalent, typically near popular fishing and crabbing locations. Several recent studies have suggested that capturing and handling alligators increases their fear of people, thereby, reducing human/alligator conflicts. Observations of tagged animals will allow biologists to document changes in alligator behavior after capture.  In addition to visual tags, a subset of 12 alligators were fitted with VHF transmitters in 2016. In addition, 5 alligators were fitted with GPS tags in 2017.  Location data will help biologists begin to understand movement patterns, home range size, and the post-capture response of alligators on the island.

GPS Transmitters

Six alligators (4 males and 2 females) were fitted with GPS tags in 2018.  Do you think an alligator lives its whole life in one pond?  Visit the Kiawah Alligator GPS Location Map to track their movements and find out.

Alligator Safety

  • Stay at least 60 feet (4 car lengths) away from alligators.
  • Do not feed alligators.
  • Do not fish or crab near alligators.
  • Do not throw used bait or fish parts into water after fishing or crabbing.
  • Do not throw objects at alligators or harass them in any way.
  • Keep children and pets away from the edges of lakes and ponds.
  • Keep out of secluded pond areas where alligators may nest. Females are very protective of their nest and young.
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